Alhamdulillah, today i wanna wrote about gambling.
Gambling (al maisir) means a game of haphazard in all matters-particularly a game of chance by means of divinatory arrows. Maisir is of various categories. Some of these types of Maisir are seeking omen or fortune by divinatory arrows, back-gammous, chess, lottery etc.
The word Masir (game of chance) is derived from the root:
(i) Yasara : To become gentle to draw lots by arrows; or
(ii) Yasar : Affluence because Maisir brings about profit ; or
(iii) Yusr : Convenience ; ease : Maisir is so termed because it is a means of earning without toil and exertion
(iv) Yasr: Dividing a thing into a number of shares and distributing them among themselves. Gambling is called Maisir because those who partake in the game of chance divide the meat of sacrificial animal among themselves.
All the above cannotations are vividly found in the word Maisir. Imam Malik (Allah be pleased with him) says that gambling is of two categories : a game of chance that is partaken in with a view of sport(fun) and the game of chance which involves gambling. Gambling means all dealings in which people are required to mane a bet and every dealing which involves some aspect of gambling is Maisir.
THE HOLY QUR’AN ON THE PROHIBITION OF GAMBLING
‘They ask thee (O’ Prophet) about Khamr (intoxicants) and games of chance (gambling). Say: In both of them there is great harm although there is some advantage as well in them for men, but their harm is much greater than their advantages.”
From these Verses of the Holy Qur’an, it is obvious that games of chance (Maisir) entail great sin and promises petty benefits and the Maisir is an abominable act of Satan. It is, therefore, imperative to avoid gambling in order to achieving success and happiness. Satan sows in our hearts the seeds of enmity and hatred against one another and turns us aside from the remembrance of Allah and His worship by means of games of chance. Its prohibition has, therefore, been declared obligatory. Similar is the case with wine. Both wine and games of chance go hand in hand to create corruption and both have been declared unlawful simultaneously.
TRADITIONS ON THE PROHIBITION OF GAMBLING
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said : “Whosoever says to his Companion : Come let us play a game of haphazard, should give alms(as an atonement).” (Bukhari and Muslim)
It connotes that a mere invitation to gambling is such a serious sin as to warrant atonement thereof by charity. Then just imagine the position of a man who indulges in gambling. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) further said : “Whosoever plays backgammon is as if he dyes his hands with the flesh of swine and its blood.” (Muslim)
Ibn Abi Al-Dunya has reported Yahya b. Kathir as saying : “Allah’s Messenger(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) passed by people playing back-gammon. He said, “Their hearts ar preoccupied in sport, their hands are ill and (their) tongues make absurd utterances. Every game which involves gambling or mischief, is a game of chance (Maisir).”
There is no difference of opinion among the jurists that every sort of gambling is harmful, except betting for hors-race and archery which have been declared lawful for persuading for horsemanship archery and preparation for Jihad because Allah says:
“Make ready for them all you can of (armed) force and of horses tethered, that thereby ye may dismay the enemy of Allah and your enemy.” (8:60)